How to Fill Out IRS Form 433B: A Clear and Concise Guide


IRS Form 433-B is an essential document that businesses need to submit when seeking tax relief from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This form, often used by corporations, partnerships, and certain limited liability companies, allows the IRS to assess your business’s financial standing and eligibility for various tax relief programs. Knowing how to accurately complete this form will assist you in presenting your financial information to the IRS and improve your chances of reaching a desirable tax resolution.

Understanding the purpose and eligibility criteria for Form 433-B is the first step in tackling this crucial document. This will help you determine if your business needs to submit the form in relation to a specific tax relief request, such as an installment agreement, temporary delay in payment, or offer in compromise. Once you have confirmed that your business needs to file Form 433-B, familiarizing yourself with the required documentation will be crucial in ensuring you provide accurate financial information. The form is divided into several sections that need to be completed meticulously to present a clear picture of your business’s financial situation.

Key Takeaways

  • Determine if your business needs to submit IRS Form 433-B based on the tax relief request you are seeking.
  • Familiarize yourself with the required documentation and financial information needed for Form 433-B before starting the process.
  • Seek professional assistance if you encounter difficulties in completing the form, as accurate information is essential for a favorable tax resolution.

Understanding IRS Form 433-B

Purpose of Form 433-B

IRS Form 433-B, also known as the Collection Information Statement for Businesses, is used to gather financial information from business entities that owe federal taxes and are unable to pay the full amount. This form helps the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) determine the business’s ability to pay and establish a suitable payment plan or offer in compromise (OIC). The following business entities are required to complete Form 433-B:

  • Partnerships
  • Corporations
  • S Corporations
  • Exempt Organizations
  • Limited Liability Companies (LLC) classified as a corporation
  • Other LLCs

Difference Between Form 433-B and 433-A

While both forms serve a similar purpose of providing the IRS with financial information to assess the taxpayer’s ability to pay outstanding tax liabilities, they cater to different types of taxpayers.

Form 433-A, or Collection Information Statement for Wage Earners and Self-Employed Individuals, is used for individual taxpayers and self-employed individuals to report their financial information. On the other hand, Form 433-B is specifically designed for businesses to report their financial information.

In summary, Form 433-B is a crucial tool for businesses that owe taxes and need assistance in determining a suitable payment plan. It is essential to fill out this form accurately, as the IRS will use this information to assess the business’s ability to pay its tax liabilities. Remember that Form 433-B is tailored for businesses, while Form 433-A is intended for individual taxpayers and self-employed individuals.

Eligibility and When to File

Business Types Requiring Form 433-B

Form 433-B is used by various business entities to provide the IRS with current financial information. This information helps the IRS determine how a business can satisfy an outstanding tax liability. Businesses that may need to complete Form 433-B include:

  • Partnerships
  • Corporations
  • Exempt Organizations
  • S Corporations
  • Limited Liability Companies (LLC) classified as a corporation
  • Other LLCs

It’s important to note that if a business is currently in a bankruptcy proceeding, it is not eligible to submit Form 433-B.

Offer in Compromise and Installment Agreements

Form 433-B is often required when applying for an Offer in Compromise (OIC) or an Installment Agreement for businesses.

An Offer in Compromise (OIC) is a solution for businesses unable to pay their full tax liability and are looking to settle their tax debt. In this process, the IRS evaluates the business’s financial information and determines if they’re eligible for an OIC. Form 433-B (OIC) specifically is used to provide the IRS with required financial information in an OIC application.

On the other hand, an Installment Agreement allows a business to pay their tax debt in monthly installments. The IRS may request Form 433-B in some cases to evaluate the business’s financial situation and determine an appropriate payment plan.

In either scenario, the Form 433-B should be completed as accurately and truthfully as possible to avoid potential complications with the IRS.

Required Documentation for Form 433-B

When completing IRS Form 433-B, certain key documents are required to accurately fill out the form and ensure a thorough understanding of the business’s financial situation. This section highlights the essential documents necessary for completing this form.

Key Financial Documents

To complete Form 433-B, you will need the following key financial documents:

  • Bank statements: Gather the most recent bank statements (usually for the past 3-6 months) for all business bank accounts to provide a detailed overview of the business’s cash flow and transactions.
  • Profit and loss statement: A current profit and loss statement will help demonstrate the business’s income and expenses, allowing the IRS to assess the business’s ability to pay its tax obligations.
  • Payroll taxes: If the business has employees, provide documentation related to payroll taxes, including payroll tax deposits and any outstanding payroll tax liabilities.

Supporting Business Asset Information

In addition to the key financial documents, Form 433-B requires detailed information on the business’s assets. The necessary supporting documents include:

  • Vehicles: For any vehicles owned or leased by the business, provide documentation of their make, model, year, as well as current fair market value and any outstanding loans or leases.
  • Equipment: List any equipment owned or leased by the business with their respective values, including machinery, tools, office equipment, or other tangible assets.
  • Real estate: Provide information on any real estate owned or leased by the business. This includes property addresses, property types, purchase prices, current fair market values, and any outstanding mortgages or liens.
  • Loans: Document all outstanding loans, including the principal balance, interest rate, monthly payment, and the date of final payment.
  • Accounts receivable: Compile an up-to-date list of all accounts receivable, including customer names, amounts owed, and the aging of these receivables.

By collecting and organizing these required documents, you will be better equipped to accurately complete IRS Form 433-B and provide the necessary information for the IRS to assess your business’s financial situation and ability to pay its tax debts.

Completing Each Section of Form 433-B

Personal Information

In this section, you must provide contact information such as the business name, address, phone number, and employer identification number (EIN). Make sure to include the names, titles, and Social Security numbers (SSNs) of all partners, officers, members, or shareholders associated with the entity.

Income and Expenses

Moving on to the income and expenses section, provide an accurate and detailed account of your business’s financial situation. This includes:

  • Business income: Report the monthly gross receipts for the business, and any other sources of income.
  • Business expenses: Clearly list your monthly business expenses such as rent, utilities, insurance, payroll, and any other outgoings.

Organize this information in a table format for easy comprehension. Column headers should include “Category,” “Amount,” and “Frequency.”

Category Amount Frequency
Gross Receipts $XX,XXX Monthly
Rent $X,XXX Monthly
Utilities $XXX Monthly
Insurance $XXX Monthly
Payroll $XX,XXX Monthly

Assets and Liabilities

For this subsection, provide a comprehensive list of your business’s current assets and liabilities, such as cash on hand, accounts receivable, real estate, vehicles, and investments. Include the following details for each:

  • Type of asset or liability
  • Description
  • Current value or balance
  • Monthly payment (where applicable)

Utilize a table to present this information in a structured manner:

Type Description Value Monthly Payment
Cash Bank Account $XX,XXX N/A
Real Estate Office Building $XXX,XXX $X,XXX
Vehicle Delivery Truck $XX,XXX $XXX
Accounts Receivable Clients’ Payments $XX,XXX N/A

Business Information

Lastly, in the business information section, include any additional details that are relevant to your organization. This can include the legal structure (such as partnership, corporation, or LLC), industry, and number of employees. Additionally, mention any previous tax liens, bankruptcies, or pending litigations associated with the entity.

By meticulously completing each section of Form 433-B, you will give the IRS the necessary information to assess your ability to satisfy your outstanding tax liabilities.

Determining the Minimum Offer Amount

In order to submit an Offer in Compromise (OIC) via IRS Form 433-B, businesses must calculate their minimum offer amount. This calculation considers information about a company’s equity in assets and any special circumstances that apply to the business.

Calculating Equity and Assets Value

The first part of determining the minimum offer amount is assessing the equity and value of the company’s assets. This process includes taking the market value of the business assets, subtracting any outstanding liabilities, and calculating the equity. Here’s a simple example:

Asset Market Value Outstanding Liabilities Equity
Real Estate $300,000 $200,000 $100,000
Equipment $50,000 $20,000 $30,000
Total Equity $130,000

The equity values represent the portion of the assets that the business actually owns. When calculating these values, businesses must take into account the current fair market value of each asset.

Understanding Special Circumstances

In some cases, businesses may face special circumstances that can affect the minimum offer amount. These situations can include economic hardship, a significant decrease in gross monthly income, natural disasters, or regulatory compliance that would require a significant allocation of funds.

For example, if a company’s gross monthly income has recently decreased by more than 50% due to circumstances beyond their control, such as a sudden decline in the industry, this could be considered a special circumstance that could lower the minimum offer amount. In this case, the business may submit documentation of the income change with their IRS Form 433-B to demonstrate the impact on their financial situation.

It’s important to note that special circumstances must be fully documented and explained in the Form 433-B submission. The IRS will review each case individually to determine if they warrant any adjustment to the minimum offer amount.

In conclusion, determining the minimum offer amount for IRS Form 433-B involves calculating a business’s equity in assets and identifying and documenting any special circumstances that could potentially affect the amount. By considering these factors and presenting clear and accurate information, businesses can work toward reaching a successful resolution with the IRS.

Navigating Financial Hardship and IRS Standards

IRS Definitions of Hardship

When a taxpayer is facing a serious financial situation, the IRS acknowledges this as financial hardship. This is a condition where paying your tax liabilities would create undue economic stress on your overall financial stability. The IRS takes into account various aspects of a taxpayer’s financial situation, such as monthly income, expenses, and other outstanding debts. If the taxpayer is deemed to be in financial hardship, the IRS may offer various options to alleviate the burden, such as placing the account in Currently Not Collectible (CNC) status or negotiating a more flexible payment plan.

Allowable Expenses and Conditions

To determine financial hardship, the IRS assesses the taxpayer’s allowable living expenses. Allowable living expenses are necessary expenditures, such as food, clothing, housing, utilities, transportation, healthcare, and minimum payment on debts. These expenses are vital to maintaining an adequate standard of living, and avoiding any financial complications. The IRS compares the taxpayer’s total monthly income to these allowable expenses and evaluates whether their financial situation meets the hardship criteria.

Here are some examples of the allowable living expenses:

  • Housing and utilities
  • Food and groceries
  • Transportation costs
  • Medical expenses
  • Court-ordered payments, such as alimony or child support
  • Loan or credit card minimum payments

It is essential to provide accurate and complete details of these allowable expenses when filling out IRS Form 433-B. Proper documentation of income, assets, and liabilities helps the IRS review your case and determine whether any adjustments to your payment obligations are warranted. Being transparent and thorough during this process can lead to a more favorable outcome and improve your chances of successfully navigating financial hardship with the IRS.

Post-Submission Process

What to Expect After Filing

Once you have successfully submitted IRS Form 433-B, the IRS will review your Collection Information Statement to gain a comprehensive understanding of your business’s financial situation. This may involve verifying the information you provided, such as payroll taxes, business assets, and liabilities. It’s important to ensure that all submitted information is accurate and complete to avoid potential complications or delays in the processing of your submission.

If you have also submitted Form 656 for an Offer in Compromise (OIC), the IRS will evaluate your proposal to settle your tax liability. This process can take several months, during which the IRS may request additional information or clarification regarding your submission.

Possible Outcomes and Next Steps

There are a few possible outcomes after submitting Form 433-B:

  1. Acceptance of Offer in Compromise: If your OIC is accepted, you will need to adhere to the agreed-upon payment terms to satisfy your tax debt. Ensure that you also meet any other requirements stipulated by the IRS, such as staying compliant with all future tax filings.
  2. Rejection of Offer in Compromise: If your OIC is rejected, you may either appeal the decision, submit a revised OIC, or explore alternative payment arrangements, such as an installment agreement.
  3. Entering into an Installment Agreement: If you qualify for an installment agreement, you will be required to make scheduled payments towards your tax liability.
  4. Currently Not Collectible status: In some cases, the IRS may temporarily suspend collection efforts if it determines that your business cannot afford to pay the tax debt. This status, however, does not eliminate your tax liability; the IRS will continue to monitor your financial situation and may resume collection efforts if conditions change.

It is worth noting that while Form 433-B is under review, you are generally protected from lawsuits or enforced collection actions like wage garnishments. Nevertheless, interest and penalties will continue to accrue on any outstanding tax debt. Finally, keep in mind that if your business is in an active bankruptcy proceeding, it is ineligible for an Offer in Compromise.

Professional Assistance and Resources

When to Consult a Tax Professional

Filling out IRS Form 433B can be a complex process for business owners, as it requires providing detailed financial information about the business. It’s important to be aware of the professional assistance available to help ensure that the form is completed accurately and efficiently.

  • Accountants: A certified public accountant (CPA) can provide valuable assistance in preparing and analyzing financial statements, as well as completing Form 433B. Their expertise in tax laws and regulations can help prevent errors and potential issues with the IRS.
  • Tax Attorneys: In situations where legal issues may arise, consulting with a tax attorney can be beneficial. They can provide guidance on tax-related matters, such as submitting an Offer in Compromise (OIC) with Form 433B or resolving tax disputes with the IRS.
  • Enrolled Agents: Enrolled Agents (EAs) are federally-authorized tax practitioners who can represent taxpayers before the IRS. They can help prepare Form 433B and provide assistance in navigating the tax resolution process.

When using a professional service, be sure to have all supporting documentation readily available, including financial statements, balance sheets, and other relevant business records. Remember that professionals may require Form 2848, which grants them the authority to represent you before the IRS.

IRS Resources and Tools

The IRS provides resources and tools to help taxpayers complete Form 433B and better understand their tax obligations. Key resources include:

  • Form 433B Instructions: Detailed instructions for filling out the form can be found on the IRS website. These instructions provide a step-by-step guide to completing each section of the form, including information about the required supporting documentation.
  • IRS Taxpayer Advocate Service: This free service provides assistance to individuals and businesses facing financial difficulties or other issues with their taxes. They can help with understanding the tax resolution process, including the role of Form 433B.

Utilizing both professional assistance and IRS resources can help business owners ensure that they complete Form 433B accurately and efficiently, which is vital in resolving outstanding tax liabilities or submitting a successful OIC.

Frequently Asked Questions

What information is required when completing Form 433-B?

When completing Form 433-B, you will need to provide information about your business’s assets, liabilities, monthly income, and expenses. This includes details about cash, accounts receivable, inventory, vehicles, real estate, mortgage and loan balances, and any other pertinent financial information. Additionally, provide your business’s Employer Identification Number (EIN) and a description of your business operations.

What are the steps for accurately reporting business financial information on Form 433-B?

  1. Gather all necessary financial documentation, such as bank statements, income statements, balance sheets, and other financial reports.
  2. Complete the form accurately and honestly by providing the required information on business assets, liabilities, and financial operations.
  3. Double-check all figures to ensure accuracy and consistency with financial documentation.
  4. If necessary, consult with an accountant or tax professional to confirm the correct reporting of your business’s financial information.
  5. Review the form for completeness and ensure that all appropriate sections have been completed.

Can Form 433-B be filed electronically, and if so, how?

Currently, Form 433-B cannot be filed electronically. You will need to download the form as a PDF, complete it accurately, and submit it via mail to the appropriate IRS address indicated in the form’s instructions.

How do Form 433-A and Form 433-B differ in terms of intended use?

Form 433-A is a Collection Information Statement used by individuals to report their personal financial information to the IRS, while Form 433-B serves the same purpose for businesses. Businesses should use Form 433-B to disclose their assets, liabilities, and financial operations, which helps the IRS determine the appropriate payment plan, temporary delay, or offer in compromise for tax obligations.

What documentation should accompany Form 433-B for proper submission?

When submitting Form 433-B, be sure to include any relevant financial documentation that supports the information provided on the form. This may include bank statements, income statements, balance sheets, and other financial reports. Detailed explanations may also accompany the form to clarify specific financial situations or discrepancies in the reported figures.

What should I do if I’m unable to pay in full and need to set up a payment plan using Form 433-B?

If you cannot pay your business’s taxes in full and need to set up a payment plan, complete Form 433-B accurately and submit it to the IRS. Once received, the IRS will review the form to determine your eligibility for a payment plan, temporary delay, or offer in compromise. It is essential to consult with a tax professional if you are unsure about your eligibility or need assistance in managing your tax obligations.